The national team boss was already without left-back Kieran Tierney, who was omitted from the squad at Arsenal’s request as he continues to build his fitness back up.Scotland face Cyprus on Saturday, before hosting Kazakhstan at Hampden on Tuesday.Clarke’s side are unable to qualify for the Euros automatically but can still end their tournament wait by prevailing in the upcoming play-offs. Scotland captain Andy Robertson has withdrawn from the squad for the upcoming Euro 2020 qualification double-header alongside Scott McTominay and Ryan Fraser.Leeds defender Liam Cooper was already ruled out of the qualification matches against Cyprus and Kazakhstan yesterday with a groin injury.But Manchester United midfielder McTominay’s omission with an ankle injury has now been confirmed, while Bournemouth winger Fraser has also pulled out.Following the quartet’s withdrawal, Celtic winger Lewis Morgan and Derby midfielder Graeme Shinnie have been called up by Steve Clarke.
Attractions Closed For RefurbishmentsMagic Kingdom:Liberty Square RiverboatTom Sawyer IslandDisney’s Animal KingdomWildlife Express Train: Africa StationWildlife Express Train: Rafiki’s Planet Watch StationBlizzard Beach (Whole Park!)Will you check out the new VOID experience? Have you done the Star Wars one? Share your thoughts! WeatherFor the most current weather conditions, click here.Crowd LevelsFor more information about crowd levels, click here.Park Hours Share This!It’s finally cooling off in Florida! Scroll on for your Walt Disney World news, park hours, and more!Special EventsThe 2018 Epcot International Festival of the Holidays has now begun and runs through December 30. Would you like to see some food booth reviews? Let me know!Disney Springs has a new virtual reality experience at The VOID! Ralph Breaks VR: Dunderdome and Pancake Milkshake Diner features Ralph, Vanellope von Schweetz, and a new villain, B.E.V. (Built to Eradicate Viruses). Get your tickets here!Speaking of Ralph and Vanellope, you can now meet them at Epcot! You’ll find them at Innoventions West though it sounds like later this winter, they’ll move to the Imagination Pavilion.
John BattersbyThe recent acquisition by China’s largest bank of 20% of South Africa’s Standard Bank is a watershed event in the growing relationship between China and the development of the African continent.The symbolism is overwhelming.China is an emerging global power and the sheer scale of its economy is already beginning to dwarf anything that has come before it.The Industrial and Commercial Bank of China (ICBC), which made the move on Standard Bank, recently overtook Citigroup as the world’s largest bank, with a market capitalisation of US$254-billion (R1.4-trillion).Its $5.5-billion (R36.7-billion) stake in Standard Bank, the bank with the largest presence in Africa, is the largest ever inward investment in South Africa, as well as the biggest Chinese financial acquisition ever.It further consolidates the uniquely strategic relationship between China and South Africa, its major partner on the African continent, and marks the moment at which South Africa can look to the new “BRIC” global economic powers – Brazil, Russia, India and China – as the source of foreign direct investment which has fallen short of expectations in the case of traditional trading partners Britain, France, the United States and Japan.China moves on AfricaChina has in the past decade or so become the fastest growing investor in African infrastructure, one of the major source of soft loans to African states, one of the largest consumers of African oil and steel and the largest exporter of cheap manufactured goods to the continent.Bilateral trade between China and African nations has increased a staggering tenfold to $55.5-billion (R350-billion) in less than a decade. In the six years from 2000 to 2006, China pumped $6.6-billion (R43-billion) in foreign direct investment into Africa.China’s state financial institutions – such as the Chinese Export-Import Bank – are advancing soft loans for developing African infrastructure, which run into $25-billion (R152-billion) over the next three years or so in four countries alone: Nigeria, Angola, Ethiopia and the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC).China’s strategic approach in building a long-term relationship with Africa to serve its own economic interests has opened up opportunities for African countries which were unthinkable even a decade ago.The Chinese approach of doing business without preconditions based on human rights and good governance has presented the continent’s traditional trading partners – and multilateral bodies such as the World Bank – with a major challenge.Beyond aid and debt reliefThe stark reality is that Western aid to Africa has not worked. It is estimated that since 1960 more than $655-billion in Western aid has been pumped into Africa, with little to show for it.That is six times more than the $111-billion (at today’s prices) invested by the United States in the Marshall Plan for the reconstruction of Europe after World War II, according to Richard Dowden, director of the Royal Africa Society.It is only in the past five years or so that the G8 and the European Union have started to recast the relationship with Africa in terms of a partnership in which aid could be jointly monitored and managed and sustainable joint ventures could come into being.The call for a Marshall Plan for African development – which has been made at various times by Nobel peace laureate Archbishop Desmond Tutu and British Prime Minister Gordon Brown during his term as Chancellor of the Exchequer – is an analogy which can only be taken so far.Clearly, what Africa needs, more than aid and debt relief – although it needs these interventions too – is trade and investment, and partnerships which will ensure a transfer of skills and technology that will enable Africans increasingly to become the architects of their own renaissance.African interventionsIn that sense, there has been much progress through the interventions of South Africa President Thabo Mbeki and other African leaders is setting new standards of political and economic governance through the reformation of the African Union, and the creation of the New Partnership for Africa’s Development (Nepad) and the African Peer Review Mechanism (APRM).Mbeki has also been at the forefront of positioning Africa – which has contributed least to climate change but stands to suffer most from its impact – as a potentially key broker in the quest for a global deal on climate change.Then there are the interventions of homegrown African role models such as Mohammed Ibrahim, the former chair of Celtel, who set up a foundation to encourage African leaders to leave a legacy of development for their people and to monitor governance throughout the continent.Former Mozambican President Joaquim Chissano recently became the first recipient of the Mo Ibrahim Foundation’s $5-million (R33-million) award for his wise leadership and contribution to development. Mozambique is growing impressively from a low base.Neighbouring Tanzania’s former president, Benjamin Mkapa, is Reuters chairman Niall FitzGerald’s co-chair as head of the Investment Climate Facility, which seeks to remove impediments to investment and streamline registration and customs clearance procedures.African success storiesAngola, mainly beyond the scrutiny of Western correspondents, is undergoing an extraordinary economic revival and is set to become a regional power in the years ahead.Botswana, long a role model of good governance and economic efficiency, was described recently by Barclays Chief John Varley, at a symposium at the CASS Business School attached to London’s City University, as “one of greatest undeclared miracles of growth and economic management”.Nigeria, which is projected to be one of the word’s 10 largest economies by 2020, is moving on a trajectory of growth and accountability, and countries like Ghana, Senegal, Tanzania, Mozambique and Zambia have become relative havens of peace and development.The advent of the mobile phone has given entrepreneurism a major boost throughout the continent, and the most pressing needs lie with infrastructure development – particularly in energy and transport – financial inclusion and access to capital, the revival of the continent’s universities, and a sound education and health infrastructure.Most pressing – and this is where the Western countries could deliver, but vested interests in the US and the EU prevent it – is the need for a levelling of the rules for global trade, in particular through scrapping agricultural subsidies.Seeing Africa in a different lightBut one can already begin to feel the difference in Africa. Investors are looking at Africa in a new light and increasingly seeing the need to have a foothold there, much as was the case with China 20 years ago. Banks talk excitedly about the opportunities, and venture capital is engaging increasingly in the once marginalised continent.“To be successful in Africa, business leaders must reject the image of a continent in constant crisis,” said FitzGerald, Britain’s most credible and passionate Afro-optimist. “Challenges remain but, in a continent of almost a billion people, so do huge opportunities. The potential dividends for businesses which are bold and forward-looking are huge.”China’s involvement in Africa is strategic and long-term. There are already signs of a shift in China’s terms for business in Darfur and Zimbabwe, and similar shifts are evident in China’s growing attention to intellectual property rights and anti-corruption measures.Western countries have long tended to dismiss China’s interest as inimical to human rights and sustainable development, but they might not be able to do so for much longer.“China is lining up its entrepreneurs behind a vision which is based on securing mineral supplies and building future markets,” said Fitzgerald. “This is very powerful and we ignore it at our peril.”The marriage of China’s largest bank and South Africa’s Standard Bank is the clearest sign yet that the global economic order is in the midst of fundamental change. Its centre of gravity is moving eastwards and southwards, and the trend is gaining momentum rapidly.As a strategic partner of China and closely allied to Brazil and India, South Africa is strategically placed to make the best of the new day that is coming … just around the bend. John Battersby is the UK country manager of the International Marketing Council of South Africa. He is based in London. This article was first published in South Africa magazine. Useful linksStandard Bank of South AfricaIndustrial and Commercial Bank of ChinaChinese Embassy in South AfricaAsia Pacific South Africa Chamber of CommerceChinese Export-Import BankRoyal African SocietyNew Partnership for Africa’s DevelopmentAfrican Peer Review MechanismMo Ibrahim FoundationInvestment Climate Facility for Africa
A humpbacked whale frolicking in thewaters off Hermanus in the Western Cape.(Image: South African Tourism) Archbishop Emeritus Desmond Tutu caststhe first vote in the Great Whaling Debate.(Image: Jennifer Stern) The counter registers Tutu’s vote.(Image: Jennifer Stern) Tutu admires the Sacred Ocean sculpturewhile sculptor Noel Ashton looks on.(Image: Jennifer Stern)Jennifer SternThe number of petitions that cross your inbox is an indication of how the internet has changed the way we live. We have instant access to information from around the globe and, more importantly, we can react to it by adding our names to petitions with the mere touch of a keyboard.But what does a petition really tell you? That x-thousand people took the trouble to complain about or campaign for something or other.What about the so-called “silent majority” out there? Perhaps they want to continue persecuting Baha’is in Iran, spewing carbon into the atmosphere, or manufacturing nuclear weapons. Obviously many people do want to continue these things or they would have been stopped, surely?That’s why the Great Whaling Debate and the complementary Sacred Ocean Campaign – a partnership between Noel and Belinda Ashton, the Two Oceans Aquarium and the International Fund for Animal Welfare (IFAW) – is so clever.Launched in late November, the debate was initially going to be a petition-type campaign encouraging people to add their names to a list of concerned individuals who are opposed to whaling. Same old story, though. There’s no petition for people who think whaling is a good idea, so the numbers don’t really mean much.When last did you get an email asking you to sign a petition for the International Whaling Commission to lift the moratorium on commercial whaling?But this way everyone gets a voice. The Great Whaling Debate is a campaign aimed at ending all whaling but, instead of merely adding one’s voice to the already clamorous cry to end the slaughter of whales in our oceans, the campaign offers people the opportunity to vote.If you believe whaling should continue, you can have your say and add your voice to those who head out in big ships with explosive harpoons and long flensing knives to “harvest” – or take “scientific samples” from – the world’s whale populations. You may need to learn to speak Japanese, Norwegian or Icelandic if you want to be heard, though.A long history of whalingThe hunting of whales has been a part of life for coastal communities for centuries, possibly millennia. But it would initially have been a subsistence industry with whole communities working together to kill a whale or two to see the village through the winter. With the advent of the industrial revolution, though, whaling changed in nature and in scale.From about the 17th century onwards, American, British and European whalers gradually expanded their areas of operation until, by the 19th century, whales were hunted in every corner of every ocean of the world. They were killed mostly for their oil, which was used for illumination, and later for margarine, cosmetic and other specialised industrial applications. Some whalers used the meat, and some did not – it was pretty much a cultural choice.One thing was certain, though. In the days before refrigeration, it was impossible to utilise all the meat from the slaughtered whales, so only the more valuable parts of the animals, including oil and baleen, were kept. The rest was dumped back into the ocean.Since whale oil is now no longer in demand, and plastic is the material of choice for the few people who still like to squeeze themselves into tightly laced corsets, whales are now hunted mostly for their meat.South Africa’s progressive protection legislationDespite the abundance of southern right and humpbacked whales in its waters, South Africa has some of the most progressive protective legislation for whales and other cetaceans, and stopped commercial whaling in 1975.The International Whaling Commission, which was founded by the International Convention for the Regulation of Whaling (ICRW) in 1946, voted to enforce a moratorium on commercial whaling in 1986.Norway lodged a formal complaint at the time, so it continues to hunt whales legally, and Japan utilises a handy loophole, killing more than a thousand whales every year for “scientific research”. As whale meat is freely available in Japanese food markets and restaurants, cynical observers may be justified in saying that the research consists mostly of finding new and better recipes for whale meat.A few coastal communities continue what they call “traditional hunting,” which is usually on a small scale. Of course, countries that are not signatories to the ICRW are not bound by the moratorium, and it’s also almost certain that a number of opportunistic whalers operate totally outside of the law.The good news and the bad news is that whale populations have increased dramatically since the inception of the moratorium. It’s good news for obvious reasons. It’s almost certain that, but for the moratorium and strong legislation like that in South African waters, many species of whale would now be extinct.But it’s also bad news for the whales, as those member nations that want to continue or resume commercial whaling cite these figures as an indication that whaling can now be sustainable.The Sacred Ocean sculptureThe Sacred Ocean Campaign was launched on 27 November 2008 at the Two Oceans Aquarium in Cape Town, along with the unveiling of a sculpture of the same name by renowned cetacean artist, Noel Ashton.Archbishop Emeritus Desmond Tutu, before unveiling the sculpture, said how shocked he was at the brutality of whaling. Describing how whales are killed over a period of a couple of hours he exclaimed, referring to the terrorist attacks in Mumbai that were dominating the news that day: “Are we surprised that we can gun down innocent people in hotels, and bomb innocent children, when we can behave so barbarically towards God’s creatures?”The sculpture, which stands 3.4m high in its entirety, is a fusion of three distinct elements. The supporting plinth consists of small relief sculptures of the world’s major whale species, with a short description of each, while the main section consists of a small bronze humpback whale and calf floating in space, surrounded by over-arching whale ribs.Describing his intentions, sculptor Noel Ashton speaks of imagination. “Imagination,” he says, “is an important and central aspect of being human.”He explains how he intended the work to inspire those who view it. “I would hope that the symbol of the suspended mother and calf would encourage our imaginations to lead us into the water with the whales, with beams of blue light highlighting their form as they gracefully glide by in the ocean stillness – a moment of deep connection with an extraordinary mammal.”But his lyricism has a darker side. “May the arched bones point the imagination to seeing the terrible brutality of a harpoon being fired from a fast-moving whale catcher, the explosive head detonating on impact and the thrashing in the water as the whale slowly and painfully dies, the barbs ripping its flesh and the blue waters turning red.”After admiring the sculpture, Tutu cast the first vote in IFAW’s Great Whaling Debate. A permanent internet kiosk dedicated to the debate stands behind the sculpture. Pat Garret, CEO of the Two Oceans Aquarium, said he was delighted with the campaign and the internet voting station, saying that it would “give us a powerful tool to gauge public sentiment regarding whaling.”He also expressed his delight at having Ashton’s “beautiful sculpture, and James Bond [Pierce Brosnan] on screen in the foyer telling us it’s time to fight for the whales.”In a reciprocal compliment, Ashton said how thrilled he was to have his sculpture in the Two Oceans Aquarium. “I hope that, by being situated here in the foyer, the Sacred Ocean sculpture will encourage people to pause awhile, and consider that the bones represent the past and the 2.5-million whales killed in the last 70 years of commercial whaling; that the humpbacks represent the present, and the calf a hope for the future, as each new birth brings the whales back from the very edge of extinction.“I see Sacred Ocean as the symbol of unity of purpose, and with the power of many, to voice their feelings about the ongoing cruelty of whaling. We also need to realise that this crisis for whales actually reflects a profound crisis for humanity in allowing this and other atrocities to take place.”Do you have queries or comments about this article? Email Mary Alexander at [email protected] articlesBig fests for big beastsSA manta a star in AtlantaSaving the albatross, on sea and land Saving our vulnerable sharks Useful linksStop Whaling NowInternational Fund for Animal Welfare South AfricaInternational Whaling CommissionOceans of AfricaTwo Oceans AquariumSea Shepherd
Lazio coach Inzaghi: Gasperini the best in the countryby Carlos Volcano10 months agoSend to a friendShare the loveLazio coach Simone Inzaghi believes Atalanta boss Gian Piero Gasperini is the best in the country.The two teams meet on Monday.Inzaghi said, “We know what we’ll be facing in Bergamo: an excellent team with a top-notch Coach, who has my unqualified respect. Alongside (Juventus boss Max) Allegri, he is the best in Italy.”Ever since I’ve trained in Serie A, I’ve been locking horns with Atalanta. That’s thanks to Gasperini’s work, which has consistently kept the team high up in the standings.”For our own part, we’ve been short of something in our process of development. It’s a problem that every other team has to deal with too, with the exception of Juventus.” About the authorCarlos VolcanoShare the loveHave your say
Washington: The US intelligence watchdog briefed lawmakers Thursday about the handling of a whistleblower complaint on alleged behaviour by President Donald Trump, and a senior Democrat expressed alarm that the administration refuses to share the complaint with Congress. The allegations, rejected by Trump as “presidential harassment,” have set lawmakers on a collision course with the office of the Director of National Intelligence (DNI), which is refusing to share the details — raising suspicions the top spy official might be improperly protecting the president. Also Read – Saudi Crown Prince Salman ‘snubbed’ Pak PM Imran, recalled his private jet from US: Report According to a report by The Washington Post, which cited two unnamed former US officials, a complaint filed by a US intelligence official stemmed from Trump’s communications with a foreign leader and a “promise” allegedly made by the president. The foreign leader involved was not identified by the Post. The newspaper did say the complaint “centers” on Ukraine, and cited two people familiar with the matter. The New York Times also reported Thursday that “at least part of” the whistleblower’s complaint “deals with” Ukraine. The newspaper cited two people familiar with the situation. Also Read – Iraq military admits ‘excessive force’ used in deadly protests Trump spoke with Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky — who was elected in May — about two weeks before the complaint was filed, according to both newspapers. The whistleblower had filed a complaint with the inspector general of the intelligence community (IC IG), Michael Atkinson, who acknowledged he considered it a credible matter of “urgent concern” that necessitated notifying congressional oversight committees. But during a three-hour closed-door briefing, Atkinson told the House Intelligence Committee that the acting DNI, Joseph Maguire, has barred him from providing details of the complaint to Congress. “That whole purpose is being frustrated here because the Director of National Intelligence has made the unprecedented decision not to share the complaint with Congress,” the committee’s chairman, Democrat Adam Schiff, told reporters after the briefing. Schiff said, without revealing the source of his information, that the Department of Justice has been involved in the decision to withhold the whistleblower’s complaint. “We do not know, because we cannot get an answer to the question, about whether the White House is also involved in preventing this information from coming to Congress,” he said. Schiff made public Thursday a letter from Atkinson in which the intelligence inspector general said that he and the acting DNI “are at an impasse over this issue.” Schiff told the DNI in a letter Wednesday that his decision to ignore the August 12 complaint has precipitated a broader “crisis of confidence and trust” that threatens the integrity of the intelligence community’s whistleblower process, “with potentially far-reaching consequences.” Trump dismissed the concerns in a Twitter thread, calling the story “fake news,” and noting that any time he speaks with foreign leaders by phone he is well aware that there are likely “many people” listening from US agencies. “Knowing all of this, is anybody dumb enough to believe that I would say something inappropriate with a foreign leader while on such a potentially ‘heavily populated’ call,” he said. “I would only do what is right anyway, and only do good for the USA!” House Democrat Jackie Speier emerged from the Atkinson briefing expressing concern about what she called “the violation of the law” regarding failure to send the whistleblower complaint to Congress. “It’s deeply troubling,” she told reporters. Maguire, meanwhile, has agreed to testify in an open session before the committee next Thursday. Trump has had an uneasy relationship with the US intelligence community since taking office and has frequently criticized their work. In early September the Democratic heads of three House committees announced an investigation into alleged efforts by Trump and his lawyer Rudy Giuliani to pressure the Ukrainian government for their own political ends, including by withholding US security assistance. They allege that Trump and Giuliani have pressured Kiev to prosecute Ukrainians who provided evidence against Trump’s former campaign manager Paul Manafort. They also alleged that Kiev was pressured to provide damaging information on the son of Joe Biden. The senior Biden is the leading Democratic hopeful to challenge Trump in next year’s presidential election. In a combative CNN interview Thursday, Giuliani admitted Ukraine had been asked to investigate Biden’s son shortly after denying such an action. Giuliani, explaining the contradiction, said he had asked Ukraine “to look into the allegations that related to my client, which tangentially involved Joe Biden in a massive bribery scheme.” And the president’s lawyer also tweeted: “A President telling a Pres-elect of a well known corrupt country he better investigate corruption that affects US is doing his job.” Hunter Biden worked for a Ukrainian gas company beginning in 2014, while his father was vice president.
Ahmedabad: The Directorate General of GST Intelligence has unearthed a scam in which exporters from the National Capital Region (NCR) allegedly availed Goods and Services Tax refund of Rs 400 crore in connivance with units in Gujarat’s Kandla Special Economic Zone, an official said on Tuesday. A DGGI release said the scam was centred around low grade tobacco products like scented ‘zarda’ (partially fermented tobacco) and filter ‘khaini’ (chewing tobacco) procured at Rs 50-350 per kilogram being exported to Kandla SEZ units at Rs 5000-9000 per kg. The exporters then claimed Rs 400 crore refund of accumulated ITC, the release said, adding the conspiracy was hatched by 20 export firms from NCR and some units located in Kandla SEZ in Gandhidham in Kutch district. “The modus operandi indicates a huge over-valuation, to the extent of 3000 per cent, of the market value of goods exported to the SEZ and claiming of refund of Input Tax Credit through fraudulent means,” the release said. The DGGI has identified over 25 suppliers in Assam, Bihar, Delhi, Haryana, MP and UP who, without supply of goods, issued fake invoices of more than Rs 1000 crore to the exporters to facilitate refunds.
Mumbai: NCP chief Sharad Pawar on Tuesday said he would visit the Enforcement Directorate (ED) office on September 27 in connection with a money laundering case filed against him by the agency.Addressing media here, Pawar also questioned the timing of the ED move, which comes days before the October 21 Maharashtra Assembly elections. Pawar said he would visit the ED office at 2 pm on September 27 to submit “whatever information” sought in connection with the Maharashtra State Co-operative Bank scam. “I will be mostly out of Mumbai for Assembly poll campaigning. The agency officials shouldn’t misunderstand that I am unavailable. I will go to them and give them whatever information they want,” Pawar said. Pawar said he believes in the Constitution of India. “Maharashtra follows the ideology of Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj. We don’t know to bow down before the Delhi takht (throne),” he said.
Researchers have found that positive social relationships, support and acceptance helps shape the development of self-esteem in people. “For the first time, we have a systematic answer to a key question in the field of self-esteem research: Whether and to what extent a person’s social relationships influence his or her self-esteem development, and vice versa, and at what ages,” said study author Michelle A. Harris from the University of Texas. “The answer to what age groups are across the life span,” Harris said. Also Read – The Puja carnivalFor the study, published in the Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, researchers analysed 52 studies involving more than 47,000 participants (54 per cent female) looking at either the effect of self-esteem on social relationships overtime or the reverse effect. The studies, all published between 1992 and 2016, included multiple countries like 30 samples from the US, four from Switzerland, three from Germany, two each from Australia, Belgium, Canada, Finland, Greece, Russia and Sweden. Also Read – Wave City brings special offers this NavratraSamples ranged from early childhood to late adulthood. The authors found that positive social relationships, social support and social acceptance help shape the development of self-esteem in people over time across ages four to 76. They also found a significant effect in the reverse direction. While earlier research had yielded inconsistent findings, the meta-analysis supports the classic and contemporary theories of the influence of self-esteem on social connections and the influence of social connections on self-esteem, said the researchers.
New Delhi: The South Delhi Municipal Corporation (SDMC) on Tuesday declared four educational institutes in its area “plastic-free” and inducted them into the prestigious “plastic-free” educational institutes club.These schools include that DPS Mathura Road, DPS Vasant Kunj, Kendriya Vidyalaya Andrewsganj and Birla Vidya Niketan Pushpa Vihar. The Vasant Kunj DPS on Tuesday held a public awareness programme where students, teachers and SDMC officials joined hands to pledge to contact as many people as possible and disseminate the message of stopping plastic usage. Also Read – More good air days in Delhi due to Centre’s steps: JavadekarA number of students expressed their views on the harmful effects of single-use plastic, which has been damaging the environment and its natural resources for a long time now. The Mathura Road DPS also witnessed a similar event where 4,000 students took a pledge to avoid using single-use plastic. All canteens, kiosks and shop vendors functioning from the school campus have also been told to not use single-use plastic, including polythene bags, water bottles, straw and thermocol utensils, with every violation attracting a fine of Rs 500. Also Read – Union min Hardeep Singh Puri, Delhi L-G lay foundation stones for various projects in DwarkaSimilar events were also observed at the other schools. In addition, SDMC officials visited the National Law University and implored the Vice-Chancellor to advocate for the complete stop in the usage of single-use plastic, in the best interest of the environment. Similar events were organised at the Indira Gandhi National Open University, where Standing Committee Chairperson Bhupender Gupta felicitated the institute for becoming plastic-free and expressed his gratitude to the University for taking such environment-friendly steps.