On February 23, 2016, the public institutions “Krka National Park” and “Plitvice Lakes National Park” and UNICEF (United Nations Children’s Fund, an international intergovernmental organization established by the UN General Assembly) and its office in Croatia concluded a grant agreement on the basis of which the Public Institution “NP Krka” will pay the amount of HRK 75.000,00 and the Public Institution “NP Plitvice Lakes” HRK 100.000,00 as a donation to UNICEF for the implementation of the early development program for children from the most vulnerable families.The aim of the program is to provide families in a difficult socio-economic situation with services that are not available to them: preschool education, services for children with disabilities, support for parents, etc. Part of the activities would be carried out at the Lika-Senj and Šibenik-Knin counties and part through UNICEF programs in other counties, where the needs of children and parents are greatest. After a record tourist season in 2015, the public institutions “Krka National Park” and “Plitvice Lakes National Park” decided to invest part of their growing annual income in programs that improve the lives of children in Croatia, with an emphasis on supporting the youngest and most vulnerable.By signing a donation agreement between JU “NP Plitvice Lakes”, JU “NP Krka” and UNICEF, public institutions join the growing family of guardians of childhood, who with their donations make sure that all children in Croatia get the opportunity to grow up healthy and happy. “It is a pleasure when the effort invested results in such great results, as it was in the last tourist season. We want to share our satisfaction and multiply the results. With numerous local initiatives and humanitarian actions, with this donation we increase good results for the benefit of the most vulnerable children throughout Croatia “, said the director of the Public Institution “Plitvice Lakes National Park” Natalija Božičević during the signing of the contract.”By preserving nature we achieve the most important part of our task, but by caring for the generations that will continue where we left off, we are investing in a common present and future. Aware of our social responsibility, we are proud partners in this project and commend the great humanitarian work that UNICEF has been successfully implementing for decades.”, Said the director of the Public Institution” Krka National Park “Krešimir Šakić.By donating to UNICEF, both institutions, which have been supporting local children’s projects for many years, are expanding the scope of child care to the entire territory of Croatia, and UNICEF is gaining a new ally to promote children’s rights, especially the most vulnerable groups. “We thank from the bottom of our hearts that both institutions that the world recognizes for the richness of natural diversity have recognized the importance of investing in children. We know that in addition to individual projects that improve children’s lives, we also need systematic and continuous investments for children living in different conditions – far from services and opportunities. For our part, we promise a sevenfold return on this investmente “, said during the signing Valentina Otmačić, head of the UNICEF office for Croatia.Research conducted in the US has shown that investments in vulnerable groups of children at an early age return to society sevenfold.
Share on Facebook Pinterest Share Share on Twitter Email LinkedIn I was never a believer. Sure, I forcibly showed up to Sunday school until eighth-grade confirmation spared me from the weekly burden. But I knew by age seven that Catholicism wasn’t for me. I’ve never turned back. At some point in my 20s, however, I started to feel unexpected pangs of jealousy when I’d jog past churches and catch a glimpse of parishioners shuffling into pews.It’s not that I question my secular ethical value system (I don’t) or that I feel untethered without a community of like-minded worshippers (nope). Instead, it’s the pre-fab sense of purpose that religion offers. Even without passions to pursue, talent to cultivate or emotional bonds to build, God-fearing folks automatically have something to live for. Absent the assurance of posthumous ascension, we non-believers need to find a reason to trek through the years. We could go the nihilistic route. But, not only does the prospect of living for nothing fill me with irrepressible despair; having a purpose, a new study says, also corresponds to heart health and longevity.To assess the relationship between sense of purpose, cardiovascular health and risk of death, psychologists evaluated 10 studies, involving over 136,000 participants, and published their analysis in Psychosomatic Medicine: Journal of Biobehavioral Medicine. The studies mainly concerned American and Japanese adults, who averaged 67 years old and whose health and wellbeing researchers tracked for seven years, on average. During this time period, 14,500 participants died and over 4,000 had cardiovascular events, such as heart attacks and strokes. After crunching all the data, and taking into account other health factors, authors of the meta-study found a lower risk of mortality and cardiovascular hiccups among people with a high sense of purpose. The link between living longer and living for something persisted across both countries.“Sense of purpose” is, arguably, the sort of broad concept that eludes precise measure. Researchers included U.S. studies in which participants verbatim evaluated their purpose in life, as well as the meaning of life and their “usefulness to others.” Japaneses studies assessed a concept called “ikigai,” which roughly translates to a “life worth living.”“Nevertheless, the medical implications of living with a high or low sense of life purpose have only recently caught the attention of investigators,” said study author Alan Rozanski in a press release. “The current findings are important because they may open up new potential interventions for helping people to promote their health and sense of well-being.”These findings dovetail with an interesting body of work on the relationship between emotional and psychological well-being and longevity. For example, loneliness — another somewhat squishy notion — has been linked to shorter, sicklier lives. We shouldn’t hastily assert that any one component of our emotional lives has a specific and certain affect on physical health, but we also shouldn’t ignore what research continues to show: How we feel is relevant to how we fare.This article originally published by Van Winkle’s, vanwinkles.com, the editorial division of Casper Sleep
LinkedIn Share on Facebook It takes children until they are about 5 years old to learn to take turns with others, while the social skill seems to elude chimpanzees, according to new findings published in Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science.The findings show that 5-year-old children adopted a turn-taking strategy more effectively than their younger counterparts, suggesting that the skill emerges as children’s cognitive abilities mature.“Although chimpanzees and young children may be able to engage in reciprocal interactions that are driven by past events – ‘She was nice to me, so I will be nice to her now’ – this study shows that they are not able of prospective turn-taking and understanding the long-term benefits of taking turns,” says lead researcher Alicia Melis of Warwick Business School in the UK. “This suggests that more complex planning and reasoning skills are necessary for turn-taking.” Pinterest The ability to take turns to ensure future benefits is a fundamental and strategic social behavior that expands the range of cooperative behaviors humans exhibit. According to Melis, it allows individuals to cooperate even when they have conflicting interests or would otherwise compete with each other, such as when parents take turns picking children up at school or when drivers take turns merging into a single lane on the highway.To investigate children’s and chimpanzees’ turn-taking abilities, Melis and colleagues devised an experiment involving rewards placed on specially designed trays. Each pair of participants had to work together to pull the trays so that a reward – stickers for children, fruit for chimpanzees – would be reachable. Importantly, pulling one tray resulted in losing the reward on the other tray.The researchers tested a total of 96 preschoolers, half of whom were 3.5 years old and half of whom were 5 years old. Each age-matched pair completed 24 turn-taking trials. They also tested 12 chimpanzees, each of whom completed 48 trials with one partner and 48 trials with another partner.The results showed that the 5-year-old children managed to access a reward on 99.5% of the trials, while the 3.5 year-olds were successful on only 62.3% of the trials. The 5 year-olds also took turns more often than the 3.5 year-olds and their turn-taking increased as they completed more trials.The data showed that although some of the younger pairs eventually developed a turn-taking strategy, it took them awhile to do so – some of the 3.5 year-olds never resolved their conflict of interest.“Although young children are encouraged to take turns across many different situations, including in interactions with adults and when sharing resources with other children, our findings show that it was only from age 5 when the children were able to spontaneously take turns to solve a conflict of interests,” Melis explains.The chimpanzee pairs had a success rate similar to that of the younger children, accessing a reward about 64% of the time. All of the chimpanzee pairs were able to cooperate for at least several trials in a row, but none of the pairs adopted a consistent turn-taking strategy.These findings suggest that foregoing an immediate benefit to accommodate the desires of another individual is a cooperative strategy that may develop over time in humans but not in chimpanzees.“The fact that these skills in humans do not develop until age 5 suggests that turn taking requires sophisticated cognitive skills that may be lacking in chimpanzees,” the researchers write in conclusion.According to Melis, future work investigating the specific cognitive components underlying turn-taking can tease apart the relative importance of skills like the ability to think ahead and imagine future interactions, the ability to plan, and the ability to reason about fairness and mutual gain. Share on Twitter Share Email
A study published in Psychophysiology found that subjects who took part in cognitive training to improve working memory showed increased anxiety during a subsequent memory task, compared to the group who did not partake in any training.Anxiety disorders have been linked to impaired working memory, leading some researchers to suggest that improving working memory can alleviate anxiety. Findings on the subject, however, have been inconsistent.Study authors Christian Grillon and colleagues propose that improving working memory function might actually increase anxiety. They point to one cognitive theory that describes a “competition for resources” between emotion and cognition. According to this theory, anxiety impairs cognitive functioning by “diverting limited cognitive resources away from a task and toward threatening stimuli.” Improving working memory function might, therefore, free up resources that can be used for threat processing, leading to increased anxiety. Share on Twitter LinkedIn Pinterest Share on Facebook Email Share “Understanding how working memory affects anxiety is the first step toward developing improved cognitive treatments,” the authors say.A study was conducted with a sample of 40 adults who were assigned to one of two conditions. Twenty participants took part in a working memory training session, while 20 control subjects did not. Next, all subjects participated in a series of working memory tasks that asked them to recall a letter presented on a computer screen either one position back (lower difficulty), or 3 positions back (higher difficulty).To induce anxiety, participants were informed they could be administered an unpleasant shock to the wrist at random times throughout the tasks, but only during a “threat period”, and not the “safe period”. To trigger their startle reflex, participants were also randomly sent bursts of white noise through headphones.Electrodes that were placed near the subjects’ eyes measured their startle magnitude. Anxiety-potentiated startle was measured by calculating the difference in startle magnitude during the threat condition and the safe condition, thereby measuring the extent that startling was intensified by anxiety.Results showed that for the control group, as the working memory task increased in difficulty, anxiety-potentiated startle dropped. This suggests that the more the memory task was challenging, the more it monopolized the subjects’ cognitive resources, leaving little resources for threat processing and thereby reducing their anxiety. Interestingly, in the high difficulty working memory task, subjects in the training condition showed greater anxiety-potentiated startle than did subjects in the control group. This suggests that the training session improved these subjects’ working memory, leaving more cognitive resources available to process threat, thus leading to increased anxiety.Grillon and colleagues conclude that boosting cognitive abilities can free up mental resources that can be used for “task-irrelevant processing” such as threat. They say, “In order to better understand the influence of cognitive control in anxiety, it will be important for future studies to clarify how working memory relates to the subjective experience of anxiety and defense survival mechanisms.”The study, “Better cognitive efficiency is associated with increased experimental anxiety”, was authored by Christian Grillon, Tiffany Lago, Sara Stahl, Alexis Beale, Nicholas Balderston, and Monique Ernst.
Share The Ladies’ Village Improvement Society of East Hampton re-opened on Friday, March 1, as “The Shops at LVIS.” The newly renovated barn, fashioned in the style of an elegant antiques shop, was also unveiled.
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TURKEY: On July 10 Spanish rolling stock manufacturer CAF signed a €123m contract to supply 22 three-car EMUs which will enter service on suburban routes in Izmir from early 2010. The order was placed by IZBAN, a joint venture of state railway TCDD and Izmir Metropolitan Municipality. The 25 kV units will have stainless steel body shells and a maximum capacity of 740 passengers. Onboard facilities will include passenger information systems, video entertainment and CCTV. The suburban train order is the CAF’s third project in Turkey in recent years, bringing its total orders in the country to more than €400m. In 2005 the Spanish firm won an order to supply of 10 inter-city trains for the Ankara – Istanbul line, which was followed with an order for a further two trainsets at the end of 2007. In mid-2007 the city of Antalya awarded a joint venture of CAF and Turkish firm ALARCO a €110m contract to build 11·1 km light rail line and supply 14 trams.
EUROPE: The Technical University of Madrid’s Railway Technology Research Centre (Citef) will host the first World Congress on Railway Training on April 6-8.Entitled ‘From Strategy to Performance’, the congress has been organised at the behest of UIC with the support of its network of regional rail training centres. The event is intended to highlight nine key issues facing the railway industry: current challenges in railway training; training as an investment; trainers’ experience and skills; knowledge management; ‘skills fade’ and competence retention; use of simulators and related tools; e-learning opportunities; demographic challenge; benchmarking studies. Through analysis of these subject areas, delegates will be able to explore examples of best practice from around Europe and take away ideas based on practical examples used elsewhere in the industry. The organisers are particularly targeting human resource managers and training directors from across the industry. An exhibition supported by training providers and technology specialists will be held alongside the three days of plenary sessions and workshops. Citef is also planning to offer a number of technical visits during the event.
Author: Niamh Stephenson AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to FacebookFacebookFacebookShare to TwitterTwitterTwitterShare to LinkedInLinkedInLinkedIn Five RNLI lifeboats were launched last night (Thursday 9 June) from Larne and Red Bay in Northern Ireland and Portpatrick in Scotland to take part in an extensive search for a missing microlight aircraft. The craft is understood to have two people onboard when it was reported missing off the Northern Ireland coastline.The launch was requested by the coastguard when the aircraft was reported overdue at 8.30pm and a major search operation was put in place.Joining the five RNLI lifeboats in the major search were the Irish Coast Guard Helicopter Rescue 116 along with a rescue helicopter from Prestwick and local coastguard teams.Search conditions were described as extremely challenging as visibility was poor due to thick fog. Larne RNLI launched their all-weather lifeboat and D class lifeboat, Red Bay RNLI launched their Atlantic 85 and all-weather lifeboat along with the all-weather lifeboat from Portpatrick. The lifeboats between them searched a huge area off the Northern Ireland coastline before standing down the search after 4am.It is expected that the search will resume again this morning; however weather conditions remain poor with heavy fog still present.
Share Share Sharing is caring! 360 Views no discussions Share EntertainmentLocalNews New release from Colton T by: – October 31, 2016 Tweet New release from Colton T entitled ‘Give it to me’.PRE ORDER “Give It To Me” on iTunes now: http://apple.co/2f4O25o