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October proclaimed Farm to School Month, new grant opportunities

first_imgVermont Business Magazine Governor Phil Scott today signed a proclamation designating October 2017 Farm to School Month in Vermont. “I’d like to recognize how important the Farm to School program is to Vermont. Farm to school has always been a source of pride for our state, and that pride grows from the program as it gets stronger,” Scott said. “We have $200,000, that’s the most money we have ever had in this program…we continue to lead the nation in this program. Schools and childcare centers should reach out to us to apply for potential money.” said Secretary Anson Tebbetts, Vermont Agency of Agriculture, Food & Markets.   This year, with the help of the Vermont Agency of Education and the Vermont Department of Health, the Vermont Agency of Agriculture, Food & Markets is pleased to announce the release of two new Farm to School grant opportunities for 2018. New this year, both Farm to School grant opportunities are available to childcare providers as well as schools! Click on the links below for the Requests for Applications.1. Vermont Farm to School & Child Nutrition Grant(link is external):  The VAAFM Farm to School Team is seeking applications from eligible Vermont-based childcare providers and schools to expand and improve food programs and/or to create or expand farm to school programs by integrating the classroom, cafeteria, and community (the 3 C’s of farm to school). Up to six applications will be awarded at $15,000 each, made possible by legislative appropriation and a financial investment of a dedicated partner. The anticipated grant period will be January 1, 2018 through December 31, 2019.  2. Vermont Farm to School & Farm to Childcare Equipment Grant(link is external): The VAAFM Farm to School Team is seeking applications from eligible Vermont-based childcare providers and schools to purchase equipment that will improve their food programs and/or farm to school/farm to childcare programs. Up to 23 grants will be awarded at $1,000 each to reimburse schools and childcare providers for these purchases. Equipment purchases must be made by February 28, 2018.NOTE: All Farm to School Grant applications MUST be submitted online through WebGrants(link is external). Paper applications will NOT be accepted. Instructions for using WebGrants can be found in an appendix in the Request for Applications. Source: 10.2.2017. Vermont Agency of Agriculture, Food & Markets: VAAFM facilitates.  www.Agriculture.Vermont.Gov(link is external)last_img read more

NEJC Chamber announces nominees for 2015 business awards

first_imgWinners of the Chamber Business Awards in 2014.The Northeast Johnson County Chamber of Commerce has announced the nominees for its annual business awards. Chamber members can now vote for fellow members for each of the awards.Register to continuelast_img

Earlier Alzheimer’s diagnosis may be possible with new imaging compound

first_imgShare By the time unambiguous signs of memory loss and cognitive decline appear in people with Alzheimer’s disease, their brains already are significantly damaged, dotted with clumps of a destructive protein known as amyloid beta. For years, scientists have sought methods and clues to help identify brain changes associated with Alzheimer’s earlier in the disease process, so they can try to stop or even reverse the changes before they severely affect people’s lives.Now, researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis have developed a chemical compound, named Fluselenamyl, that detects amyloid clumps better than current FDA-approved compounds. If a radioactive atom is incorporated into the compound, its location in a living brain can be monitored using positron emission tomography (PET) scans.The compound, described in a paper published Nov. 2 in Scientific Reports, one of the Nature journals, potentially could be used in brain scans to identify the signs of early-stage Alzheimer’s disease or to monitor response to treatment. LinkedIn Pinterest Emailcenter_img Share on Twitter Share on Facebook “Fluselenamyl is both more sensitive and likely more specific than current agents,” said Vijay Sharma, PhD, a professor of radiology, of neurology and of biomedical engineering, and the study’s senior author. “Using this compound, I think we can reduce false negatives, potentially do a better job of identifying people in the earliest stages of Alzheimer’s disease and assess the effects of treatments.”Amyloid plaques are one of the most telltale findings in the brains of people with Alzheimer’s disease. The neurons near such plaques are often dead or damaged, and this loss of brain cells is thought to account for difficulty with thinking, memory loss and confusion experienced by Alzheimer’s patients.Amyloid plaques can be either diffuse or compact. The compact kind has long been associated with the disease, but conventional wisdom has held that diffuse plaques are benign, since they can be found in the brains of elderly people without any symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease, as well as the brains of those with Alzheimer’s. Sharma believes that diffuse plaques may mark the earliest stages of the disease.“It is a relatively underexplored area in the development of Alzheimer’s pathology,” Sharma said. “Since current approved agents don’t detect diffuse plaques, there is no reliable noninvasive imaging tool to investigate this aspect in animal models or in patients. Our compound could be used to study the role of diffuse plaques.”Using human amyloid beta proteins, Sharma and colleagues showed that Fluselenamyl bound to such proteins two to 10 times better than each of the three FDA-approved imaging agents for detecting amyloid beta. In other words, Fluselenamyl detected much smaller clumps of the protein, indicating that it may be able to detect the brain changes associated with Alzheimer’s disease earlier.To determine whether Fluselenamyl can detect plaques in the brain, the researchers used the compound to stain brain slices from people who had died of Alzheimer’s disease and, as controls, people of similar ages who had died of other causes. The brain slices from the Alzheimer’s patients, but not the controls, were identified as containing plaques.When a radioactive atom was incorporated into the compound, the researchers found very little interaction between Fluselenamyl and the healthy white matter in the human brain slices.“A huge obstacle with existing state-of-the-art PET agents approved for plaque detection is that they tend to bind indiscriminately to the brain’s white matter, which creates false positives on the scans,” Sharma said. Nonspecific binding to other parts of the brain creates “noise,” which makes it difficult to distinguish samples with plaques from those without.A similar experiment comparing mice genetically predisposed to develop amyloid plaques with normal control mice showed the same pattern of high sensitivity for amyloid beta and low binding to healthy white matter.Furthermore, Sharma and colleagues showed that when Fluselenamyl with the radioactive atom is injected intravenously into mice, the compound can cross the blood-brain barrier, bind to any plaques in their brains and be detected by PET scan. In mice without plaques, the compound is quickly flushed from the brain and then excreted from the body.The next step is to move to testing in patients. Sharma already has submitted an application to the National Institutes of Health (NIH) for a phase 0 trial, to establish whether Fluselenamyl is safe for use in humans and behaves in the human body the same way it behaves in mice. Phase 0 trials involve a low dose given to a small number of people to learn how a molecule is processed in the body and how it affects the body.“Ideally, we’d like to look at patients with very mild symptoms who are negative for Alzheimer’s by PET scan to see if we can identify them using Fluselenamyl,” Sharma said. “One day, we may be able to use Fluselenamyl as part of a screening test to identify segments of the population that are going to be at risk for development of Alzheimer’s disease. That’s the long-term goal.”last_img read more

The brain uses color to help us choose what to eat

first_imgShare on Facebook LinkedIn Share Pinterest Emailcenter_img Share on Twitter Red means “Green light, go for it!” Green means: “hmm, better not!” Like an upside down traffic light in our brain, color helps us decide whether or not to eat something. This, according to a study at the International School for Advanced Studies (SISSA) in Trieste and recently published in the journal Scientific Reports stating that vision is the main sense we use to guide us in food choices. To evaluate calorie intake, we rely on a “color code.”“According to some theories, our visual system evolved to easily identify particularly nutritious berries, fruits and vegetables from jungle foliage,” says Raffaella Rumiati, SISSA neuroscientist and coordinator of the new study. The human visual system is trichromatic: in the retina, the light-sensitive organ of the eye, there are three classes of photoreceptors (cones) tuned preferentially to three different bands of the visible spectrum. This implies that we can see a large number of colors (more than monochromatic and dichromatic animals, less than those with 4, even 5 types of photoreceptor). “We are particularly efficient at distinguishing red from green,” says Rumiati. This sophistication testifies to the fact that we are “visual animals,” unlike others, dogs, for example, who depend on their sense of smell. “It is mainly the color of food that guides us, and our experiments show how,” explains Rumiati. “To date, only a few studies have been focused on the topic.”What do we look for in food? Nutrition, of course, or calorie-dense content, and high protein. “In natural foods, color is a good predictor of calories,” explains Francesco Foroni, SISSA researcher and first author of the study. “The redder an unprocessed food is, the more likely it is to be nutritious, while green foods tend to be low in calories.” Our visual system is clearly adapted to this regularity. “The participants in our experiments judged foods whose color tended towards red as higher in calories, while the opposite was true for greens,” continues Giulio Pergola, a researcher at the University of Bari, and one of the authors of the study. “This is also true for processed, or cooked foods, where color loses its effectiveness as an indicator of calories.” Actually, the scientific literature shows clearly that cooked foods are favored over natural foods and the phenomenon has been observed even in other species besides humans. “Cooked foods are always preferred because, compared to natural foods, there is more nutrition for the same quantity,” explains Rumiati. “With cooked foods, however, the dominance of red over green no longer provides reliable information, which might lead us to believe that the brain would not apply the rule to processed foods. On the contrary, it does, which hints at the presence of ancient evolutionary mechanisms from before the introduction of cooking.”Another nod in favor of this hypothesis is the fact that the color code in the Rumiati and colleagues experiments does not come into play for items other than food: “The preference for red over green is not observed with non-edible objects,” says Rumiati. “This means that the color code of the visual system activates correctly only with food stimuli.”Inner traffic light for eating healthierOur findings, besides increasing our knowledge of the visual system, offer interesting possibilities on many fronts which could have an important impact on the public health: marketing food, for example, and treating eating disorders.“Much is being done today to encourage healthier eating,” notes Rumiati. “For example, trying to convince the people to eat foods lower in calories.” Some countries propose bans on certain types of products, such as carbonated soft drinks and high fat foods. In some cases, there is a disclaimer on the packaging, as with cigarettes. Perhaps food color could be used to produce significant results, even if artificial. “last_img read more

Military veterans are typecast as agentic but unfeeling — and viewed as less suited for social jobs

first_imgNew research has identified a barrier that military veterans may face when returning to the civilian workforce. According to the study, which was recently published in Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, veterans are viewed as having a strong ability to plan and act but less of a “mind” when it comes to their ability to feel.“We were presented with the opportunity to study issues related to military veterans and their transition back to civilian society. We thought about how the public often thinks about and how the media often thinks about veterans and those in the military more generally, and how that might feed into some of the issues veterans face when the leave the military,” said study author Steven Shepherd, an assistant professor at Oklahoma State University.“We thought that social psychological theory could actually concisely explain a lot of this quite well, but it turns out that social psychological theory has rarely been applied to veterans’ issues.” Share on Twitter Pinterest Share LinkedIncenter_img Email Share on Facebook In a series of surveys and experiments, the researchers found that veterans are generally typecast as agentic individuals who are relatively lacking in emotion. These stereotypes about veterans are in turn associated with perceptions about career suitability.“Employers can be mindful of how preconceived notions about veterans might shape their perceptions of veterans — from the first read of the resume, to the interview, or the tasks that are assigned to veterans within an organization. Our research also speaks to the importance of employers having a more accurate understanding of veterans,” Shepherd told PsyPost.“For veterans, our research suggests that they may want to take at least some measures to provide counter-stereotypical information. For example, because veterans are stereotyped as being unfeeling, we found that simply signaling this ability (i.e., listing animal shelter experience on one’s resume) could significantly reduce stereotypical judgments.”In a survey of 223 participants, the researchers found that veterans were seen as higher in agentic traits like self-control, memory, planning, and intentional thought — but were seen as having a reduced capacity for feeling. Veterans were also seen as more loyal and trustworthy than non-veterans but also less sensitive and sympathetic. They were also rated as more mechanistic than non-veterans.In a series of follow-up surveys, the researchers found that this held true regardless of whether the service members were described as currently serving or veterans, a member of the Army or Marines, serving in a non-combat role, or male or female.In two additional surveys, with 207 participants in total, the researchers found that people commonly assumed that veterans were better suited for hands-on jobs and organizational jobs than jobs requiring artistic ability and social interaction.Similarly, another survey of 199 participants found that jobs that required the ability to plan and act were viewed as a better fit for veterans than jobs that required the ability to sense and feel different sensations and emotions.Yet another study of 396 participants found that veterans were viewed as better suited for technology-related careers than mental health careers — even when their resume noted they had done humanitarian work. This finding was replicated with another sample of 709 participants who had careers involving management or hiring decisions.In three more experiments, with 1,069 participants in total, the researchers found that veterans were viewed as being more likely to succeed as dishwashers and prep cooks than restaurant servers, compared to non-veterans.Finally, the researchers found evidence that the stereotyping of veterans could be mitigated with information that counters the stereotype. In particular, the experiment with 298 participants found that the negative effect of the stereotype was eliminated by including relevant work experience on a resume, such as working at a humane society where they “effectively managed bonding time with animals.”But the study — like all research — includes some caveats.“While we tested people’s views of different veteran targets, varying their service role and how that information was communicated, these effects might vary based on a number of other factors such as branch of service. These stereotypes about veterans may also interact with other stereotypes (e.g. gender, race/ethnicity) that were not fully explored in our research,” Shepherd explained.“It is also important to note that people who may implicitly or explicitly hold these stereotypes don’t necessarily think negatively about the military. In fact, we posit that these stereotypes if anything stem from seeing veterans are heroic agents who can carry out a plan and get things done, which is a very positive belief to hold about somebody. But based on past work on mind perception, these beliefs may also lead people to see veterans are relatively unfeeling.”The study, “Military veterans are morally typecast as agentic but unfeeling: Implications for veteran employment“, was authored by Steven Shepherd, Aaron C. Kay, and Kurt Gray.last_img read more

Isaac expected to reach Eastern Caribbean islands Thursday

first_img Barbados, St Lucia, St Vincent and the Grenadines bracing… You may be interested in… Isaac now moving across the Caribbean Sea Sep 26, 2018 Isaac a little weaker as it moves towards the Eastern CaribbeanThe Wednesday morning forecast includes a Tropical Storm Warning for Dominica, Guadeloupe and Martinique, and a Tropical Storm Watch for Antigua/Barbuda, Montserrat, St. Kitts/Nevis, Saba and St. Eustatius.  However, forecasters say the maximum sustained winds have decreased from 75 to about 60 mph (95 km/h) and further gradual weakening is…September 12, 2018In “Antigua & Barbuda”Tropical Storm-force winds nearing the Leeward IslandsA weakening Tropical Storm Isaac is expected to pass through the Leeward Islands and Northern Windward Islands today bringing storm force winds and heavy rains. The Thursday morning Advisory puts Isaac at 15.4 North, 59.7 West or 105 miles (170 km) East of Dominica, and moving towards the West at…September 13, 2018In “Antigua & Barbuda”Isaac now moving across the Caribbean SeaAn 11:00 am Advisory has put the Centre of Tropical Storm Isaac at 14.9 North, 61.8 West or about 50 miles (75 km) South West of Dominica.  Isaac is moving away from the Eastern Caribbean Islands and into the Caribbean Sea at near 20 mph (31 km/h).  The maximum sustained…September 13, 2018In “Antigua & Barbuda”Share this on WhatsApp Eastern Caribbean bracing for strengthening Tropical Storm… Sep 13, 2018center_img A Tropical Storm Warning remains in effect for Dominica, Guadeloupe and Martinique, and a Tropical Storm Watch for Antigua/Barbuda, Montserrat, St. Kitts/Nevis, Saba and St. Eustatius.  However, forecasters say  Tropical Storm Isaac’s maximum sustained winds have decreased from 75 to about 60 mph (95 km/h) and further gradual weakening is expected during the next few days. The latest Advisory puts Isaac’s centre at 15.1 North, 55.7 West or 370 miles  East of Dominica. It is moving towards the West at 21 mph (28 km/h) and this path should take it across the island chain and into the Caribbean sea on Thursday. Forecasters expect Isaac to produce between two and four inches of rainfall across Dominica, Martinique and Guadeloupe and up to one inch in the remaining Windward and the Leeward Islands. The rainfall may cause flash flooding. Sep 19, 2018 CDEMA sets US$3M targeted budget for hurricane season Share this:PrintTwitterFacebookLinkedInLike this:Like Loading… Sep 26, 2018last_img read more

Candys in High Court branding row

first_imgTo access this article REGISTER NOWWould you like print copies, app and digital replica access too? SUBSCRIBE for as little as £5 per week. Would you like to read more?Register for free to finish this article.Sign up now for the following benefits:Four FREE articles of your choice per monthBreaking news, comment and analysis from industry experts as it happensChoose from our portfolio of email newsletterslast_img

Cool For A Cause

first_imgDrawbertson x Animalia Australia Tee, $50BUSHY Boxer Briefs Set, $56Pippa Small’s Kangaroo Pendant, $370Save The Koalas Sweatshirt, $39.55[Click image to enlarge]In the wake of the widespread bushfires in Australia, we’ve selected a few stylish finds that give back to our Aussie pals. From a collaboration between artist Donald Robertson and Animalia on a line of t-shirts made from recycled materials, to a little golden kangaroo pendant, supporting a good cause has never looked so cool. Sharelast_img read more

Flanders Medic Making Recovery

first_imgJeff Alt, a paramedic who works for the Flanders Northampton Volunteer Ambulance Corps and was diagnosed with COVID-19, is making a comeback. Last week, he was removed from machinery helping him breathe, and later transferred out of the intensive care unit at Stony Brook University Hospital, where he had been for nine days. On Monday, May 11, he said he is in a regular unit, being weaned off oxygen, and is hoping to be discharged later in the week. The 40-year-old explained over Facebook Messenger from his hospital bed that he got sick two weeks earlier. The symptoms came on slow, starting with chills, aches, and then nausea. A week later, he began to experience difficulty breathing and a cough. “That’s when I went in,” he said of entering the hospital. He was quickly taken to the ICU. “I was going to get intubated, but I fought it off,” Alt said. “They had the equipment ready to put me under. I was 15 minutes away from a ventilator, but knowing the poor outcomes, I begged not to be.” Instead of a ventilator, he was put on a bilevel positive airway pressure, or BiPAP machine, a less invasive ventilatory support system for COVID-19 patients. “The doctors are surprised of my status thus far, because I am beyond where I should be,” he said. “I am a fighter, and plan on defeating odds.” The experience has taken a toll on him physically, emotionally, and financially, he admitted. Upon being hospitalized, Alt’s friends and co-workers from across Suffolk County, where he has volunteered and worked in emergency medical services for the last 20 years, have raised money for him and his family. So far, more than $19,000 has been donation. To contribute, visit www.gofundme.com/f/help-for-jeff-alt. Mark Dunleavy, the ambulance corps chief, said everyone is happy to hear Alt is recovering, adding the paramedic is “a strong-willed fighter.” “We expect a speedy recovery,” Dunleavy said.taylor@indyeastend.com Sharelast_img read more

Linde thought to be investing in South Korea

first_imgGet instant access to must-read content today!To access hundreds of features, subscribe today! At a time when the world is forced to go digital more than ever before just to stay connected, discover the in-depth content our subscribers receive every month by subscribing to gasworld.Don’t just stay connected, stay at the forefront – join gasworld and become a subscriber to access all of our must-read content online from just $270. Subscribelast_img